Think of exfoliation as an aspect of deep cleansing of your skin care routine. Its daily cleanser helps remove makeup skin, oil and dirt at the surface level that accumulates throughout the day, while there is a scrub really to get there and removes dead skin cells that have been accumulated over time. “Peeling helps remove dead skin cells and makes the skin look smoother and brighter,” says Patricia Varese, a dermatologist certified in New Orleans at the Sanova Dermatology Clinic.
That’s not all: Dr. Fares says that peeling can make creams and serums more effective. Once the upper layer of the skin is removed, the products can penetrate deeper into the skin, which over time can give the skin a youthful glow, according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD).
What types of skin scrubs are available?
There are two types of scrubs: natural and chemical exfoliation. They both do the job, but they do it in different ways.
Physical Exfoliators Work
Physical scrubs work by actually removing cells using visual cleansing agents. “Physical scrubs contain ground grains or fine nuts that help remove dead skin cells when rubbed on the skin,” says Fares. He says he can take it off with a cleaning brush, a glove, a leather scraper at home or just with the tips of his fingers. “It increases blood circulation and gives your skin some shine,” says Fares. It leaves the skin soft and smooth. Recommends “The ideal skin scrub for skin in the United States” (Farris is a member of the calligraphy line board), Philosophy Microdelivery Skin Care Face Wash, Oats and Mask Wash by St Ives.
Chemical Exfoliators Work
Fries says that chemical peels work by dissolving dead skin cells with acid. There are two main types of acids to look for in the chemical peel category: alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) and beta hydroxy acids (BHA).
AHAs, such as glycolic acid, which is the most common, work by disrupting the link between dead skin cells so they are easy to clean, according to an article published in April 2018 in molecules.
AHAs are soluble in water, while BHAs are soluble in fat, which means they can penetrate fatty follicles for deep skin penetration, according to an article published in Jundishapur Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical Products. This makes BHA a good option for oily skin and people with acne-prone skin. Look for salicylic acid, the most popular BHA, in particular. A small study published in Skin Research & Technology found that topical salicylic acid with a concentration of 1.5 percent is applied twice a day for a month to facial acne in 95 percent of the study participants.
You can also use a product that combines acids (Farris such as SkinMedica AHA / BHA Exfoliating Cleanser). Fares says that the benefits of these chemicals go beyond peeling. “These multiple tasks reduce skin pigmentation, reduce the appearance of pores, soften fine lines and wrinkles and even improve their escape,” she says.
How do you exfoliate your skin properly?
It depends on which scrub you choose to use, but you should know that the path is too long. Also, you don’t want to exfoliate your skin every day (more on this later).
Using a physical scrub
If you use a natural scrub, first moisten your face, then use a measure of nickel size. Massage on the skin with circular movements, then rinse with water. See also the product instructions: some recommend leaving the product for 30 seconds or one minute before rinsing.
Using a chemical scrub
Chemical peels, on the other hand, are generally Turkish treatments without the need to rinse, unless they are an exfoliation or a mask. Place one or two pumps to clean, dry and fix the skin. Again, read the product instructions to make sure you are using it correctly.
Then slide your moisturizer and other skin care products on top to take advantage of the increased penetration function. And don’t forget the sunscreen. According to a study published in the Journal of Dermatology, AHAs in particular can make the skin more sensitive to sunlight.
Is it possible to exfoliate your skin too much?
Although exfoliation is generally well tolerated once you find the right product and frequency, it is not safe for people with acne or acute infections, according to the ADF. These people should consult a dermatologist before starting the peeling system because some peelers can make these conditions worse.
Everyone should also be careful, because excessive exfoliation can be hard on the skin and cause irritation, says Zain Hussain, MD, board-certified dermatologist and founder of the New Jersey Dermatology and Cosmetic Center in Marlboro, New Jersey. In short: do not take off every day. “Daily exfoliation can be annoying and completely dry to the skin,” says Dr. Hussein. It is recommended to exfoliate the skin once or twice a week, although it adds that it can increase this frequency in the summer months when the air is not dry.
There is no exact limit to the amount of peeling that will be excessive because it depends on the type of skin and the exfoliation you use. For example, says Fares, people with oily skin can tolerate daily exfoliation. Be prepared for some trial and error, and pay attention to how your skin responds. Is it red after peeling? Excessive sensitivity? Accompanied by a burning sensation? These are signs that should be reduced.
Fares recommends that people with sensitive skin get rid of brushes and cleaning gloves when using natural scrubs. Acids are also not completely safe for sensitive skin types. According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), AHA loads can cause burns, rashes and swelling, and the lowest safe concentrations are less than 10 percent of AHA. BHAs tend to be less angry, according to the FDA.
If your skin does not respond well to any of these, look for polyhydroxy acids and electronic acids. This is the latest generation of hydroxy acids, says Fares, and a study suggests that it is similar to AHAs but less irritating, making it a good option for people with sensitive skin. He loves the Neostrata PHA facial cleanser, which is gentle enough for most people for daily use.
Therefore, peeling is important: you just need to know what your skin can handle
Exfoliating with a physical or chemical peel is a worthy addition to your skincare routine if your skin is smoother and brighter. You will want to choose your scrub according to your skin type. If you have acne, treatment with BHA may be right for you, while it is known that AHAs fight the signs of aging. If you don’t have sensitive skin (what luck for you!), You should be able to resist a physical scrub (using the fingertips to apply it would be softer than an exfoliating brush).
Regardless of your choice, be careful not to overdo it, as excessive exfoliation can cause redness and irritation. Different skin types interact differently, so try some products to see what your skin can tolerate, or consult a dermatologist to find out what they recommend.